rectal instruments

Archives for the ‘For surgery’ Category

ANATOMY OF RECTUM

By • Дек 26th, 2010 • Category: For surgery

The length of the rectum, together with the Perineal region (anal canal), is 15 to 16 cm. The length of the anal canal is 2.5—3 cm, that of the rectal ampula 9 cm, and of the rectosigmoid region 3 cm (Fig. 3). In the pelvis the rectum has bends both in the sagit­tal (Figs 1 […]



BRIEF SURGICAL ANATOMY OF THE COLON

By • Дек 26th, 2010 • Category: For surgery

The mucous and submucous membranes of the rec­tum and anal canal are provided with a dense network of lymphatics which extensively anastomose with each other. From the anus and the perineal rectum, lymph passes to the inguinal and, partly, to the femoral nodes, and goes upwards through the inguinal fold (Fig. 13). The lymphatic pathways, […]



INSTRUMENTS USED IN RECTAL SURGERY

By • Дек 26th, 2010 • Category: For surgery

This section shows and describes instruments used in operations in the clinics headed by the author and desig­ned for placing mechanical tantalum suture in perfor­ming intestinal anastomosis in an end-to-end and end-to-side fashion (Fig. 50, 51 and 52). КЦ-28 is particu­larly useful in low anterior resection (see p. 232); the anastomosis can be established 7 […]



POSTOPERATIVE MANAGEMENT OF PATIENT

By • Дек 26th, 2010 • Category: For surgery

Ointment packing of wounds. We complete all rectal and perineal operations by applying ointment packs to the wounds, using gauze strips impregnated with the liquid balsamic ointment of Vishnevsky according to the formula: pitch 3g, xeroform, 3 g, anesthesia 1 g, and castor oil 100 ml. Good results are also produced by a Peruvian balsam […]



OPERATION FOR LOOP ILEOSTOMY

By • Дек 18th, 2010 • Category: For surgery

SURGICAL TREATMENT OF NONSPECIFIC ULCERATIVE COLITIS Operative treatment of this condition is indicated in patients with severe foims of continuous or relapsing ul-cerative colitis which does not yield to conservative treatment, and also in all cases with acute toxic dilatation of the colon.



OPERATION FOR TOTAL COLECTOMY WITH ESTABLISHMENT OF ILEOSTOMY AND SIGMOIDOSTOMY

By • Дек 18th, 2010 • Category: For surgery

The patient is placed on his back and endotracheal anesthesia with ether and oxygen or with azeotropic mix­ture is used. First a medial laparotomy is performed from the mons pubis and almost as far as the ensiform cartilage, followed by the separation of the greater omentum from the transverse colon by scissors dissection thorough the […]



The formation of ileostomy following resection

By • Дек 18th, 2010 • Category: For surgery

The ileal stump is freed from its mesentery for a distance of 9—10 cm with preservation of circulation. Initially, a round opening 2—2.5 cm in diameter is cut out on the anterior abdominal wall by making an inci­sion through all layers at the external edge of the right rectus muscle 2 cm below the umbilicus […]




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